In 2003, the two countries discussed doubling their investments in their ongoing scientific and technological cooperation from October 2004 to $1 million. [146] In 2005, India and Israel signed a Memorandum of Understanding establishing a fund to support bilateral investment in industrial research and development and specific projects. Under the agreement, at least one Indian company and one Israeli company must cooperate on a project for that project in order to qualify for the Fund. From 2006 to 2014, the Fund, dubbed i4RD, was allocated to seven projects. [133] [147] [148] [149] In 2012, the two countries signed a five-year, $50 million academic research agreement to promote joint research in a wide range of disciplines, including medical and information technologies, social and biological sciences, humanities and the arts. [150] [151] In 2003, the Israel Space Agency (ISA) expressed interest in cooperation with the Indian Space Research Agency. or ISRO, when it comes to using satellites to improve the management of land and other resources. Israel has also expressed interest in participating in ISRO`s proposed mission to send an unmanned spacecraft to the Moon. [146] In addition, the two countries signed an agreement outlining the deployment of TAUVEX, an Israeli space telescope, on India`s GSAT-4, a planned navigation and communications satellite. [146] [157] [158] In 2010, the TAUVEX table was removed from the GSAT-4 ISRO and the table was never launched later. [159] The GSAT-4 itself was unable to start due to the failure of its cryogenic engine. [159] [160] In 1993, during the visit to India of Shimon Peres, then Israel`s foreign minister, India and Israel signed a science and technology agreement allowing for direct scientific cooperation between the two governments.

Specific areas of cooperation included information technology, biotechnology, laser and electro-optics. In addition, a joint committee to monitor cooperation between the two nations has been established, which will meet every two years. [142] In 1994, a $3 million pooled science and technology fund was established to facilitate cooperation between the two countries in research and development. [142] Although there have been no formal relations for several decades, meetings and cooperation have taken place between the two countries, including figures like Moshe Dayan. [35] Israel also provided important information to India during its many wars. [36] On February 14, 2019, a convoy of vehicles carrying security personnel on the Jammu Srinagar National Highway was attacked by a suicide bomber in Lethpora, Pulwama District, Kashmir District, India. . . .