Russia was previously a member of the League of the Three Emperors, an alliance in 1873 with Austria-Hungary and Germany. This alliance was part of German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck`s plan to diplomatically isolate France; he feared that France`s revanchist desires would lead him to recover his 1871 losses from the Franco-German war. [4] The alliance was also used to oppose socialist movements such as the First International, which conservative leaders found troubling. [5] However, the League had great difficulties with the growing tensions between Russia and Austria-Hungary, particularly across the Balkans, where the rise of nationalism and the continued decline of the Ottoman Empire allowed many former Ottoman provinces to fight for independence. [6] To counter Russian and French interests in Europe, the Duale Alliance between Germany and Austria-Hungary was concluded in October 1879 and with Italy in May 1882. The situation in the Balkans, especially after the Serb-Bulgarian War of 1885 and the Berlin Treaty of 1878, which gave Russia the feeling of having deceived its gains in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877/8, prevented a renewal of the League in 1887. To prevent Russia from allying with France, Bismarck signed the secret reinsurance contract with Russia in 1887. The treaty ensured that both sides would remain neutral if war broke out. The growing rapprochement between Russia and France and Russia`s exclusion from the German financial market of Bismarck in 1887 prevented an extension of the contract in 1890 and ended the alliance between Germany and Russia.

[7] After Bismarck`s forced resignation in 1890, the young Emperor William embarked on the imperialist path of world politics to increase the Empire`s influence over the world and world control. [8] [9] Already in July 1941, Soviet leaders declared that „the purpose of the war against fascist oppressors was not only to eliminate the threat to our country, but also to help all the peoples of Europe who suffer from the yoke of German fascism.” In mid-1944, the enemy was virtually driven out of all Soviet territory. However, the enemy had to be arrested in his hiding place. This is how the Red Army began its liberation mission in Europe. It saved entire nations from the destruction and slavery and horror of the Holocaust. They were saved at the cost of hundreds of thousands of lives of Soviet soldiers. In addition to the threat of the fundamental principles of the world order, it also raises certain moral and ethical questions.